西湖大学理学院 讲席教授 吴从军
Time: 15:00-17:00, Thursday, September 30th, 2021
Venue: Room 519, Building 4, Yunqi Campus
会议号/ZOOM ID：857 1268 0580
Speaker: Dr. Congjun Wu, Chair Professor, School of Science
报告题目/Title：Quaternion, harmonic oscillator, and high-dimensional topological states
Quaternion, an extension of complex number, is the first discovered non-commutative division algebra by William Rowan Hamilton in 1843. In this talk, we present the recent progress in building up the connection between the concept of quaternionic analyticity and the physics of high-dimensional topological states. Three- and four-dimensional harmonic oscillator wavefunctions are organized by the SU(2) Aharanov-Casher gauge potential to yield high-dimensional Landau levels possessing the full rotational symmetries and flat energy dispersions. The lowest Landau level wavefunctions exhibit quaternionic analyticity, satisfying the Cauchy-Riemann-Fueter condition, which generalizes the two-dimensional complex analyticity to three and four dimensions. It is also the Euclidean version of the helical Dirac and the chiral Weyl equations. We speculate that quaternionic analyticity provides a guiding principle for future researches on high-dimensional interacting topological states. Other progresses including high-dimensional Landau levels of Dirac fermions, their connections to high energy physics. This research is also an important application of the mathematical subject of quaternion analysis to theoretical physics, and provides useful guidance for the experimental explorations on novel topological states of matter.
1) Congjun Wu, “Quaternion, harmonic oscillator, and high-dimensional topological states”, arxiv:1910.09678.
2) Yi Li, Congjun Wu, “High-Dimensional Topological Insulators with Quaternionic Analytic Landau Levels”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 216802 (2013)
3) Yi Li, Shou-Cheng Zhang, Congjun Wu, “Topological insulators with SU(2) Landau levels”,Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 186803 (2013)
4) Yi Li, Kenneth Intriligator, Yue Yu, CongjunWu, “Isotropic Landau levels of Dirac fermions in high dimensions”, Phys. Rev. B 85, 085132 (2012).